toa_brightness_temperature_of_standard_scene

complete
Created: Feb. 5, 2024
Proposer: Jonathan Gregory & Lars Barring
Proposed Date: 2024-01-10
#270
Change Date: Feb. 5, 2024, 3:56 p.m.
Term: toa_brightness_temperature_of_standard_scene
Unit: K
Unit ref: UPKA
AMIP:
GRIB:
"toa" means top of atmosphere. The brightness temperature of a body is the temperature of a black body which radiates the same power per unit solid angle per unit area at a given wavenumber. The standard scene is a target area with typical Earth surface and atmospheric conditions that is accepted as a reference. The toa radiance of the standard scene is calculated using a radiative transfer model for a given viewing geometry. The resultant toa spectral radiance is then integrated with a sensor's spectral response function and converted to equivalent brightness temperature.
Change Date: Feb. 5, 2024, 3:59 p.m.
Term: toa_brightness_temperature_of_standard_scene
Unit: K
Unit ref: UPKA
AMIP:
GRIB:
"toa" means top of atmosphere. The brightness temperature of a body is the temperature of a black body which radiates the same power per unit solid angle per unit area at a given wavenumber. The standard scene is a target area with typical Earth surface and atmospheric conditions that is accepted as a reference. The toa radiance of the standard scene is calculated using a radiative transfer model for a given viewing geometry. The resultant toa spectral radiance is then integrated with a sensor's spectral response function and converted to equivalent brightness temperature. It is strongly recommended to include a units_metadata attribute.
Change Date: Feb. 9, 2024, 3:27 p.m.
Term: toa_brightness_temperature_of_standard_scene
Unit: K
Unit ref: UPKA
AMIP:
GRIB:
"toa" means top of atmosphere. The brightness temperature of a body is the temperature of a black body which radiates the same power per unit solid angle per unit area at a given wavenumber. The standard scene is a target area with typical Earth surface and atmospheric conditions that is accepted as a reference. The toa radiance of the standard scene is calculated using a radiative transfer model for a given viewing geometry. The resultant toa spectral radiance is then integrated with a sensor's spectral response function and converted to equivalent brightness temperature. In order to convert the units correctly, it is essential to know whether a temperature is on-scale or a difference. Therefore this standard strongly recommends that any variable whose units involve a temperature unit should also have a units_metadata attribute to make the distinction. It is strongly recommended to include the attribute units_metadata.
Change Date: Feb. 23, 2024, 4:01 p.m.
Term: toa_brightness_temperature_of_standard_scene
Unit: K
Unit ref: UPKA
AMIP:
GRIB:
"toa" means top of atmosphere. The brightness temperature of a body is the temperature of a black body which radiates the same power per unit solid angle per unit area at a given wavenumber. The standard scene is a target area with typical Earth surface and atmospheric conditions that is accepted as a reference. The toa radiance of the standard scene is calculated using a radiative transfer model for a given viewing geometry. The resultant toa spectral radiance is then integrated with a sensor's spectral response function and converted to equivalent brightness temperature. It is strongly recommended that a variable with this standard name should have a units_metadata attribute, with one of the values "on-scale" or "difference", whichever is appropriate for the data, because it is essential to know whether the temperature is on-scale (meaning relative to the origin of the scale indicated by the units) or refers to temperature differences (implying that the origin of the temperature scale is irrevelant), in order to convert the units correctly (cf. https://cfconventions.org/cf-conventions/cf-conventions.html#temperature-units).