Proposals for CF

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53 proposals match your search

surface_roughness_length_for_heat_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Nov. 5, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: roughness lengths
Units: m (ULAA)
Updated term description
The height above the surface where the mean value of heat assumes its surface value when extrapolated along a logarithmic profile downward towards the surface. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere.

surface_roughness_length_for_momentum_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 22, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: roughness lengths
Units: m (ULAA)
Updated term description
The height above the displacement plane at which the mean wind becomes zero when extrapolating the logarithmic wind speed profile downward through the surface layer. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere.

difference_between_northward_wind_and_northward_sea_water_velocity

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 9, 2020
Comments:
Units: m s-1 (UVAA)
New Term
The northward_wind, relative to the near-surface northward current; calculated as northward_wind minus northward_sea_water_velocity. A vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable with standard name "depth" should be used to indicate the depth of sea water velocity used in the calculation. Similarly, a vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable with standard name "height" should be used to indicate the height of the the wind component. "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Wind is defined as a two-dimensional (horizontal) air velocity vector, with no vertical component. (Vertical motion in the atmosphere has the standard name "upward_air_velocity").

wind_to_direction_wrt_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 9, 2020
Comments:
Units: degree (UAAA)
New Term
The quantity with standard name wind_to_direction_wrt_sea_water is the direction towards which the relative velocity vector of wind and sea water is headed. The phrase "to_direction" is used in the construction X_to_direction and indicates the direction towards which the velocity vector of X is headed. The direction is a bearing in the usual geographical sense, measured positive clockwise from due north. The abbreviation "wrt" means with respect to. The components of the relative velocity vector have standard names difference_between_eastward_wind_and_eastward_sea_water_velocity and difference_between_northward_wind_and_northward_sea_water_velocity. Wind is defined as a two-dimensional (horizontal) air velocity vector, with no vertical component. (Vertical motion in the atmosphere has the standard name "upward_air_velocity"). A vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable with standard name "depth" should be used to indicate the depth of sea water velocity used in the calculation. Similarly, a vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate with standard name "height" should be used to indicate the height of the the wind component

difference_between_eastward_wind_and_eastward_sea_water_velocity

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 9, 2020
Comments:
Units: m s-1 (UVAA)
New Term
The eastward wind, relative to near-surface eastward current; calculated as eastward_wind minus eastward_sea_water_velocity. A vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate with standard name "depth" should be used to indicate the depth of sea water velocity used in the calculation. Similarly, a vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate with standard name "height" should be used to indicate the height of the the wind component. "Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). Wind is defined as a two-dimensional (horizontal) air velocity vector, with no vertical component. (Vertical motion in the atmosphere has the standard name "upward_air_velocity").

wind_speed_wrt_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 9, 2020
Comments:
Units: m s-1 (UVAA)
New Term
The quantity with standard name wind_speed_wrt_sea_water is the magnitude of the relative velocity vector of wind and sea water. Speed is the magnitude of velocity. The abbreviation "wrt" means with respect to. The components of the relative velocity vector have standard names difference_between_eastward_wind_and_eastward_sea_water_velocity and difference_between_northward_wind_and_northward_sea_water_velocity. Wind is defined as a two-dimensional (horizontal) air velocity vector, with no vertical component. (Vertical motion in the atmosphere has the standard name "upward_air_velocity"). A vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable with standard name "depth" should be used to indicate the depth of sea water velocity used in the calculation. Similarly, a vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate with standard name "height" should be used to indicate the height of the the wind component.

direction_of_surface_downward_stress

new
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 6, 2020
Comments:
Units: degree (UAAA)
New Term
The shear stress exerted by the wind on the surface of large bodies of water. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward).

direction_of_surface_downward_stress

new
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Oct. 6, 2020
Comments:
Units: degrees (UAAA)
New Term
The shear stress exerted by the wind on the surface of large bodies of water. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward).

surface_roughness_length_due_to_vegetation

under discussion
Proposer: Yuling Wu
Proposed Date: Aug. 6, 2020
Comments:
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
"Vegetation roughness" in fluid dynamics means the surface roughness caused by vegetation in impeding the flow.

lwe_solid_precipitation_rate

under discussion
Proposer: Yuling Wu
Proposed Date: Aug. 6, 2020
Comments:
Units: m s-1 (UVAA)
New Term
"Frozen Precipitation" in the earth's atmosphere means precipitation of water in frozen phase only. The abbreviation "lwe" means liquid water equivalent.

surface_roughness_length_for_humidity_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Nan Galbraith
Proposed Date: Sept. 22, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: roughness lengths
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
The height above the surface where the mean value of humidity assumes its surface value when extrapolated along a logarithmic profile downward towards the surface. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere.

surface_upward_latent_heat_flux_due_to_evaporation

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
New Term
The quantity with standard name surface_upward_latent_heat_flux does not include transpiration from vegetation. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. Evaporation is the conversion of liquid or solid into vapor. (The conversion of solid alone into vapor is called "sublimation"). The surface latent heat flux is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air on account of evaporation (including sublimation).

upward_latent_heat_flux_into_air_due_to_transpiration

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
New Term
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The surface latent heat flux is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air, here on account of transpiration. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. Transpiration is the conversion of fluid into vapor by plants. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. Transpiration is the process by which water is carried from the roots of plants and evaporates from the stomata. Evaporation is the conversion of liquid or solid into vapor. (The conversion of solid alone into vapor is called "sublimation".) Latent heat flux due to transpiration is the exchange of heat between plant surfaces and air due to the evaporation and sublimation of transpired water.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_magnesium_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the magnesium dication is Mg(2+).

mass_concentration_of_pm10_chloride_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for chloride is Cl-.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_oxalate_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the oxalate dianion is C2O4(2-).

mass_concentration_of_pm10_bromide_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the bromide anion is Br-.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_methanesulfonic_acid_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for methanesulfonic acid is CH3SO3H.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_sodium_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the sodium cation is Na+.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_calcium_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the calcium dication is Ca(2+).

mass_concentration_of_pm10_potassium_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the potassium cation is K+.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_nitrate_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the nitrate anion is NO3-.

mass_concentration_of_pm10_sulfate_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for the sulfate anion is SO4(2-).

mass_concentration_of_pm10_ammonium_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Jen Thomas and Christian Tatzelt
Proposed Date: June 29, 2020
Comments: Linked to discussion of "dry_aerosol" in https://github.com/cf-convention/discuss/issues/61.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
"Mass concentration" means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. "Pm10 aerosol" means atmospheric particulate compounds with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 micrometers. The chemical formula for ammonium is NH4.

shallow_convective_cloud_base_altitude

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rocklel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
cloud_base refers to the base of the lowest cloud. Altitude is the (geometric) height above the geoid, which is the reference geopotential surface. The geoid is similar to mean sea level. Shallow convective cloud is nonprecipitating cumulus cloud with cloud tops below 3000 m above the surface that produced by the convection schemes in an atmosphere model.

shallow_convective_cloud_top_altitude

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rocklel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
cloud_top refers to the top of the highest cloud. Altitude is the (geometric) height above the geoid, which is the reference geopotential surface. The geoid is similar to mean sea level. Shallow convective cloud is nonprecipitating cumulus cloud with a cloud top below 3000m above the surface produced by the convection schemes in an atmosphere model.

mass_fraction_of_shallow_convective_cloud_liquid_water_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rocklel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
"Mass fraction" is used in the construction "mass_fraction_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. It means the ratio of the mass of X to the mass of Y (including X). A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". Shallow convective cloud is nonprecipitating cumulus cloud with a cloud top below 3000m above the surface produced by the convection schemes in an atmosphere model. "Cloud liquid water" refers to the liquid phase of cloud water. A diameter of 0.2 mm has been suggested as an upper limit to the size of drops that shall be regarded as cloud drops; larger drops fall rapidly enough so that only very strong updrafts can sustain them. Any such division is somewhat arbitrary, and active cumulus clouds sometimes contain cloud drops much larger than this. Reference: AMS Glossary http://glossary.ametsoc.org/wiki/Cloud_drop.

surface_snow_density

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: snow density
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
Term change from Term: snow_density
Snow density is the mean density of the snow cover at the surface. The phrase "surface_snow" means snow lying on the surface. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The density of a substance is its mass per unit volume.

Tendency_of_mass_fraction_of_convective_cloud_liquid_water_in_air

new
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: s-1 (UTBB)
New Term
"Tendency_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to time. "Mass fraction" is used in the construction "mass_fraction_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. It means the ratio of the mass of X to the mass of Y (including X). A chemical species or biological group denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". Convective cloud is that produced by the convection schemes in an atmosphere model. "Cloud liquid water" refers to the liquid phase of cloud water. A diameter of 0.2 mm has been suggested as an upper limit to the size of drops that shall be regarded as cloud drops; larger drops fall rapidly enough so that only very strong updrafts can sustain them. Any such division is somewhat arbitrary, and active cumulus clouds sometimes contain cloud drops much larger than this. Reference: AMS Glossary http://glossary.ametsoc.org/wiki/Cloud_drop.

lake_mixed_layer_thickness

new
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: lake variables
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
The lake mixed layer is the upper part of the ocean, regarded as being well-mixed. Various criteria are used to define the mixed layer; this can be specified by using a standard name of lake_mixed_layer_defined_by_X. "Thickness" means the vertical extent of a layer.

lake_floor_depth_below_lake_surface

new
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: lake variables
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
The lake_floor_depth_below_lake_surface is the vertical distance between the lake surface and the lake bed as measured at a given point in space.

lake_water_temperature

new
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Standard names: lake variables
Units: degree (UAAA)
New Term
Lake water temperature is the in situ temperature of the lake water. To specify the depth at which the temperature applies use a vertical coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable.

lifted_index

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: K (UPKA)
New Term
The lifted index, usually abbreviated to LI, is the temperature difference between the environment and an air parcel lifted adiabatically Tp(p) at a given pressure height in the troposphere, usually 500 hPa. When the value is positive, the atmosphere (at the respective height) is stable and when the value is negative, the atmosphere is unstable.

lightning_potential_index

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: J Kg-1 (JPKG)
New Term
'lightning_potential_index', usually abbreviated to LPI, is an index calculated for improvement of the lightning forecast from atmosphere_convective_available_potential_energy, air temperature at 850 hPa, atmosphere_mass_content_of_cloud_liquid_water, relative_humidity at -10°C, air_equivalent_potential _temperature lapse rates and lifted index.

stratiform_graupel_fall_amount

accepted
Proposer: Beate Geyer and Burkhardt Rockel
Proposed Date: Aug. 21, 2020
Comments:
Units: kg m-2 (KMP2)
New Term
Stratiform precipitation, whether liquid or frozen, is precipitation that formed in stratiform cloud. Graupel consists of heavily rimed snow particles, often called snow pellets; often indistinguishable from very small soft hail except when the size convention that hail must have a diameter greater than 5 mm is adopted. Reference: American Meteorological Society Glossary http://glossary.ametsoc.org/wiki/Graupel. There are also separate standard names for hail. Standard names for "graupel_and_hail" should be used to describe data produced by models that do not distinguish between hail and graupel. "Amount" means mass per unit area.

downward_heat_flux_at_snow_base

new
Proposer: Martin Jukes
Proposed Date: May 13, 2020
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
New Term
"Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward). In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

upward_geothermal_heat_flux_at_ground_level_in_land_ice

new
Proposer: Martin Jukes
Proposed Date: Sept. 30, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Updated term description
"Land ice" means glaciers, ice-caps and ice-sheets resting on bedrock and also includes ice-shelves. "ground_level" means the land surface (including beneath snow, ice and surface water, if any). In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The quantity with standard name upward_geothermal_heat_flux_at_ground_level_in_land_ice is the upward heat flux at the interface between the ice and bedrock. It does not include any heat flux from the ocean into an ice shelf.

potential_vorticity_of_atmosphere_layer

new
Proposer: Beate Geyer
Proposed Date: March 11, 2020
Comments:
Units: Pa-1 s-1 (PPPS)
Updated term description
"Layer" means any layer with upper and lower boundaries that have constant values in some vertical coordinate. There must be a vertical coordinate variable indicating the extent of the layer(s). If the layers are model layers, the vertical coordinate can be model_level_number, but it is recommended to specify a physical coordinate (in a scalar or auxiliary coordinate variable) as well. Atmosphere potential vorticity is the vertically averaged absolute vorticity of a layer of the atmosphere divided by the pressure difference from the bottom to the top of the layer.

surface_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment.

surface_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

surface_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment.

toa_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: toa_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The abbreviation "toa" means top of atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

surface_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

surface_upward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. Unless indicated in the cell_methods attribute, a quantity is assumed to apply to the whole area of each horizontal grid box. Previously, the qualifier "where_type" was used to specify that the quantity applies only to the part of the grid box of the named type. Names containing the where_type qualifier are deprecated and newly created data should use the cell_methods attribute to indicate the horizontal area to which the quantity applies.

surface_downward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_downward_sensible_heat_flux
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

integral_wrt_time_of_surface_downward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W s m-2 (WSMM)
Term change from Term: integral_wrt_time_of_surface_downward_sensible_heat_flux
The phrase "integral_wrt_X_of_Y" means int Y dX. The data variable should have an axis for X specifying the limits of the integral as bounds. "wrt" means with respect to. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

upward_turbulent_heat_flux_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: upward_sensible_heat_flux_in_air
"Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat caused by the motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

isotope_ratio_of_2H_to_1H_in_sea_water_excluding_solutes_and_solids

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 3, 2018
Comments: CMIP6 - PMIP. 12.
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
The phrase "ratio_of_X_to_Y" means X/Y. The phrase "isotope_ratio" is used in the construction isotope_ratio_of_A_to_B where A and B are both named isotopes. It means the ratio of the number of atoms of A to the number of atoms of B present within a medium. "H" means the element "hydrogen" and "2H" is the stable isotope "hydrogen-2", usually called "deuterium". "1H" is the stable isotope "hydrogen-1". The phrase "in_sea_water_excluding_solutes_and_solids" means that the standard name refers to the composition of the sea water medium itself and does not include material that may be dissolved or suspended in the medium.

atmosphere_mole_content_of_semiheavy_water_vapor

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: Feb. 23, 2018
Comments:
"Content" indicates a quantity per unit area. The "atmosphere content" of a quantity refers to the vertical integral from the surface to the top of the atmosphere. For the content between specified levels in the atmosphere, standard names including "content_of_atmosphere_layer" are used. The construction "atmosphere_mole_content_of_X" means the vertically integrated number of moles of X above a unit area. The chemical formula for semi-heavy water is HDO, water with one hydrogen replaced by deuterium.

mass_fraction_of_chloride_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Daniel Neumann
Proposed Date: May 18, 2017
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
Mass fraction is used in the construction "mass_fraction_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. It means the ratio of the mass of X to the mass of Y (including X). A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. The chemical formula for chloride is Cl-.

mass_concentration_of_chloride_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Daniel Neumann
Proposed Date: May 18, 2017
Comments:
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. The chemical formula for chloride is Cl-.

vertical_component_of_curl_of_surface_downward_stress

under discussion
Proposer: Bruce Hackett
Proposed Date: Jan. 19, 2016
Comments:
Units: N m-3 (NCUM)
New Term
The surface downward stress is the wind stress on the surface. The quantity with standard name vertical_component_of_curl_of_surface_downward_stress is a signed scalar that represents the magnitude of the 2D surface wind downward stress vector field's local anti-clock-wise rotation at a given point; clockwise rotation is thus given as negative curl. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a downward flux of momentum, which accelerates the lower medium along the vector and the upper medium against the vector.

divergence_of_surface_downward_stress

under discussion
Proposer: Bruce Hackett
Proposed Date: Jan. 19, 2016
Comments:
Units: N m-3 (NCUM)
New Term
The surface downward stress is the wind stress on the surface. The quantity with standard name divergence_of_surface_downward_stress is a signed scalar that represents the magnitude of the 2D surface wind downward stress vector field's source (positive) or sink (negative) at a given point. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere.