Proposals for CF

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87 proposals match your search

sea_water_to_direction_due_to_tides

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
Units: degrees (UAAA)
New Term
The phrase "to_direction" is used in the construction X_to_direction and indicates the direction towards which the velocity vector of X is headed. The direction is a bearing in the usual geographical sense, measured positive clockwise from due north. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "Due to tides" means due to all astronomical gravity changes which manifest as tides. No distinction is made between different tidal components.

sea_surface_wave_stokes_drift_to_direction

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
Units: degrees (UAAA)
New Term
The Stokes drift velocity is the average velocity when following a specific fluid parcel as it travels with the fluid flow. For instance, a particle floating at the free surface of water waves, experiences a net Stokes drift velocity in the direction of wave propagation. The phrase "to_direction" is used in the construction X_to_direction and indicates the direction towards which the velocity vector of X is headed. The direction is a bearing in the usual geographical sense, measured positive clockwise from due north.

eastward_sea_water_velocity_due_to_tides

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "Due to tides" means due to all astronomical gravity changes which manifest as tides. No distinction is made between different tidal components.

northward_sea_water_velocity_due_to_tides

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "Due to tides" means due to all astronomical gravity changes which manifest as tides. No distinction is made between different tidal components.

sea_water_speed_at_sea_floor

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
Speed is the magnitude of velocity. The speed at the sea floor is that adjacent to the ocean bottom, which would be the deepest grid cell in an ocean model.

sea_surface_wave_stokes_drift_speed

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
The Stokes drift velocity is the average velocity when following a specific fluid parcel as it travels with the fluid flow. For instance, a particle floating at the free surface of water waves, experiences a net Stokes drift velocity in the direction of wave propagation. Speed is the magnitude of velocity.

sea_surface_wave_stokes_drift_northward_velocity

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). The Stokes drift velocity is the average velocity when following a specific fluid parcel as it travels with the fluid flow. For instance, a particle floating at the free surface of water waves, experiences a net Stokes drift velocity in the direction of wave propagation.

sea_surface_wave_stokes_drift_eastward_velocity

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). The Stokes drift velocity is the average velocity when following a specific fluid parcel as it travels with the fluid flow. For instance, a particle floating at the free surface of water waves, experiences a net Stokes drift velocity in the direction of wave propagation.

sea_water_to_direction_at_sea_floor

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
Units: degrees (UAAA)
New Term
The phrase "to_direction" is used in the construction X_to_direction and indicates the direction towards which the velocity vector of X is headed. The direction is a bearing in the usual geographical sense, measured positive clockwise from due north. The direction at the sea floor is that adjacent to the ocean bottom, which would be the deepest grid cell in an ocean model.

northward_sea_water_velocity_at_sea_floor

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). The velocity at the sea floor is that adjacent to the ocean bottom, which would be the deepest grid cell in an ocean model.

eastward_sea_water_velocity_at_sea_floor

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
A velocity is a vector quantity. "Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). The velocity at the sea floor is that adjacent to the ocean bottom, which would be the deepest grid cell in an ocean model.

sea_water_speed_due_to_tides

under discussion
Proposer: Marcelo Andrioni
Proposed Date: Oct. 14, 2019
Comments:
Speed is the magnitude of velocity. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "Due to tides" means due to all astronomical gravity changes which manifest as tides. No distinction is made between different tidal components.

equivalent_potential_temperature

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer / Ronny Petrik
Proposed Date: Aug. 20, 2019
Comments:
CF mailing list link:
Units: K (UPKA)
Updated term description
Current: Potential temperature is the temperature a parcel of air or sea water would have if moved adiabatically to sea level pressure.Proposed: The phrase "equivalent potential temperature" refers to a thermodynamic quantity, with its natural logarithm proportional to the entropy of moist air, that is conserved in a reversible moist adiabatic process.

atmosphere_mass_content_of_rainwater

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer / Ronny Petrik
Proposed Date: Aug. 20, 2019
Comments:
"Content" indicates a quantity per unit area. The "atmosphere content" of a quantity refers to the vertical integral from the surface to the top of the atmosphere. For the content between specified levels in the atmosphere, standard names including "content_of_atmosphere_layer" are used. "Rainwater" refers to the precipitating part of liquid water in the atmosphere – the cloud liquid water is excluded.

surface_normalized_direct_downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer / Ronny Petrik
Proposed Date: Aug. 20, 2019
Comments:
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. “Normalized_direct" radiation is radiation that has followed a direct path from the sun to a plane perpendicular to the direction of the sun (in contrast to the “direct” radiation, which falls on a plane horizontal at the earth surface). Downwelling radiation is radiation from above. It does not mean "net downward". The sign convention is that "upwelling" is positive upwards and "downwelling" is positive downwards. The term "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

atmosphere_mass_content_of_cloud_liquid_water

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer / Ronny Petrik
Proposed Date: Aug. 20, 2019
Comments:
"Content" indicates a quantity per unit area. The "atmosphere content" of a quantity refers to the vertical integral from the surface to the top of the atmosphere. For the content between specified levels in the atmosphere, standard names including content_of_atmosphere_layer are used. "Cloud liquid water" refers to the liquid phase of cloud water. Cloud droplets are spherical and typically a few micrometers to a few tens of micrometers in diameter. An upper limit of 0.2 mm diameter is sometimes used to distinguish between cloud droplets and drizzle drops, but in active cumulus clouds strong updrafts can maintain much larger cloud droplets.

atmosphere_mass_content_of_snow

under discussion
Proposer: Beate Geyer / Ronny Petrik
Proposed Date: Aug. 20, 2019
Comments:
"Content" indicates a quantity per unit area. The mass is the total mass of the molecules. The "atmosphere content" of a quantity refers to the vertical integral from the surface to the top of the atmosphere. For the content between specified levels in the atmosphere, standard names including "content_of_atmosphere_layer" are used. "Snow" refers to the precipitating part of snow in the atmosphere – the cloud snow content is excluded.

air_gap

under discussion
Proposer: Aaron D. Sweeney
Proposed Date: July 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
The air gap is the clearance (vertical distance) between the instantaneous height of the designated low steel value of a bridge and the instantaneous sea surface height. The height of the designated low steel value of a bridge may change due to traffic or other loads.

surface_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

toa_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: toa_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The abbreviation "toa" means top of atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

surface_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect_assuming_clear_sky
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. A phrase "assuming_condition" indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. "Clear sky" means in the absence of clouds.

surface_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_shortwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment.

surface_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_direct_radiative_effect

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 24, 2019
Comments:
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_net_downward_longwave_dust_ambient_aerosol_particles_direct_radiative_effect
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The term "longwave" means longwave radiation. "X_direct_radiative_effect" refers to the instantaneous radiative impact of X on the Earth's energy balance, excluding secondary effects such as changes in cloud cover which may be caused by X. A positive radiative forcing or radiative effect is equivalent to a downward radiative flux and contributes to a warming of the earth system. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment.

integral_wrt_time_of_surface_downward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W s m-2 (WSMM)
Term change from Term: integral_wrt_time_of_surface_downward_sensible_heat_flux
The phrase "integral_wrt_X_of_Y" means int Y dX. The data variable should have an axis for X specifying the limits of the integral as bounds. "wrt" means with respect to. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

upward_turbulent_heat_flux_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: upward_sensible_heat_flux_in_air
"Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat caused by the motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

surface_upward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Upward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed upward (negative downward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. Unless indicated in the cell_methods attribute, a quantity is assumed to apply to the whole area of each horizontal grid box. Previously, the qualifier "where_type" was used to specify that the quantity applies only to the part of the grid box of the named type. Names containing the where_type qualifier are deprecated and newly created data should use the cell_methods attribute to indicate the horizontal area to which the quantity applies.

surface_downward_turbulent_heat_flux

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes / Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: July 4, 2018
Comments: Arising from LS3MIP discussion.
Units: W m-2 (UFAA)
Term change from Term: surface_downward_sensible_heat_flux
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed downward (negative upward). The "turbulent heat flux" is the exchange of heat between the surface and the air by motion of air. In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics.

mass_concentration_of_biological_taxon_expressed_as_nitrogen_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as"nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". The phrase "expressed_as" is used in the construction "A_expressed_as_B", where B is a chemical constituent of A. It means that the quantity indicated by the standard name is calculated solely with respect to the B contained in A, neglecting all other chemical constituents of A. Mass concentration of biota expressed as nitrogen is also referred to as "nitrogen biomass". Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

mole_concentration_of_biological_taxon_expressed_as_nitrogen_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: mol m-3 (MLM3)
New Term
Mole concentration means number of moles per unit volume, also called "molarity", and is used in the construction "mole_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". The phrase "expressed_as" is used in the construction "A_expressed_as_B", where B is a chemical constituent of A. It means that the quantity indicated by the standard name is calculated solely with respect to the B contained in A, neglecting all other chemical constituents of A. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

mass_concentration_of_biological_taxon_expressed_as_carbon_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as"nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". The phrase "expressed_as" is used in the construction "A_expressed_as_B", where B is a chemical constituent of A. It means that the quantity indicated by the standard name is calculated solely with respect to the B contained in A, neglecting all other chemical constituents of A. Mass concentration of biota expressed as carbon is also referred to as "carbon biomass". Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

biological_taxon_name

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units:
New Term
A plain text human-readable label, usually a Latin binomial such as Calanus finmarchicus, applied to a biological taxon. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

biological_taxon_lsid

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99. Only one of biological_taxon_identifier and biological_taxon_lsid will be selected for inclusion in the standard name table.
Units:
New Term
The Life Science Identifier (LSID) is a standard URI for a biological taxon. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy. The LSID is a URN with the syntax "urn:lsid:::[:]". For example, the copepod Calocalanus pavo may be represented by LSIDs "urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:104669" (based on WoRMS) and "urn:lsid:itis.gov:itis_tsn:85335" (based on ITIS). These URNs may be converted to URLs delivering RDF by prefixing with "http://lsid.tdwg.org/".

number_concentration_of_biological_taxon_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: m-3 (PCUM)
New Term
"Number concentration" means the number of particles or other specified objects per unit volume. It is used in the construction "number_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy. Number concentration of biota is also referred to as "abundance".

mass_concentration_of_biological_taxon_expressed_as_chlorophyll_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". The phrase "expressed_as" is used in the construction "A_expressed_as_B", where B is a chemical constituent of A. It means that the quantity indicated by the standard name is calculated solely with respect to the B contained in A, neglecting all other chemical constituents of A. Chlorophylls are the green pigments found in most plants, algae and cyanobacteria; their presence is essential for photosynthesis to take place. There are several different forms of chlorophyll that occur naturally. All contain a chlorin ring (chemical formula C20H16N4) which gives the green pigment and a side chain whose structure varies. The naturally occurring forms of chlorophyll contain between 35 and 55 carbon atoms. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

mole_concentration_of_biological_taxon_expressed_as_carbon_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Roy Lowry
Proposed Date: April 13, 2018
Comments: Arising from CF trac #99.
Units: mol m-3 (MLM3)
New Term
Mole concentration means number of moles per unit volume, also called "molarity", and is used in the construction "mole_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". The phrase "expressed_as" is used in the construction "A_expressed_as_B", where B is a chemical constituent of A. It means that the quantity indicated by the standard name is calculated solely with respect to the B contained in A, neglecting all other chemical constituents of A. Biological taxon is a name or other label identifying an organism or a group of organisms as belonging to a unit of classification in a hierarchical taxonomy.

isotope_ratio_of_2H_to_1H_in_sea_water_excluding_solutes_and_solids

under discussion
Proposer: Martin Juckes
Proposed Date: April 3, 2018
Comments: CMIP6 - PMIP. 12.
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
The phrase "ratio_of_X_to_Y" means X/Y. The phrase "isotope_ratio" is used in the construction isotope_ratio_of_A_to_B where A and B are both named isotopes. It means the ratio of the number of atoms of A to the number of atoms of B present within a medium. "H" means the element "hydrogen" and "2H" is the stable isotope "hydrogen-2", usually called "deuterium". "1H" is the stable isotope "hydrogen-1". The phrase "in_sea_water_excluding_solutes_and_solids" means that the standard name refers to the composition of the sea water medium itself and does not include material that may be dissolved or suspended in the medium.

atmosphere_mole_content_of_semiheavy_water_vapor

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: Feb. 23, 2018
Comments:
"Content" indicates a quantity per unit area. The "atmosphere content" of a quantity refers to the vertical integral from the surface to the top of the atmosphere. For the content between specified levels in the atmosphere, standard names including "content_of_atmosphere_layer" are used. The construction "atmosphere_mole_content_of_X" means the vertically integrated number of moles of X above a unit area. The chemical formula for semi-heavy water is HDO, water with one hydrogen replaced by deuterium.

mass_concentration_of_chloride_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Daniel Neumann
Proposed Date: May 18, 2017
Comments:
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction "mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. The chemical formula for chloride is Cl-.

mass_fraction_of_chloride_dry_aerosol_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Daniel Neumann
Proposed Date: May 18, 2017
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
Mass fraction is used in the construction "mass_fraction_of_X_in_Y", where X is a material constituent of Y. It means the ratio of the mass of X to the mass of Y (including X). A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as "nitrogen" or a phrase such as "nox_expressed_as_nitrogen". "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake. The chemical formula for chloride is Cl-.

mesh_grid_j_index

under discussion
Proposer: Sebastien Villaume
Proposed Date: March 31, 2017
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term

mesh_grid_i_index

under discussion
Proposer: Sebastien Villaume
Proposed Date: March 31, 2017
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term

ozone_mixing_ratio

under discussion
Proposer: Allen Jordan
Proposed Date: Feb. 27, 2017
Comments:
CF mailing list link: new standard names request
Units: ppmv (UUUU)
New Term
The atmospheric ozone mixing ratio in parts per billion by volume. The chemical formula for ozone is O3. The IUPAC name for ozone is trioxygen.

water_vapor_mixing_ratio

under discussion
Proposer: Allen Jordan
Proposed Date: Feb. 27, 2017
Comments:
CF mailing list link: new standard names request
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
The atmospheric water vapor mixing ratio in parts per million by volume.

mass_concentration_of_chlorophyll_a_fluorescence_in_sea_water

under discussion
Proposer: Eloddie Fernandez
Proposed Date: Dec. 5, 2016
Comments:
Units: kg m-3 (UKMC)
New Term
Mass concentration means mass per unit volume and is used in the construction mass_concentration_of_X_in_Y, where X is a material constituent of Y. A chemical or biological species denoted by X may be described by a single term such as 'nitrogen' or a phrase such as 'nox_expressed_as_nitrogen'. Chloropyll fluorescence is a proxy for Chlorophyll concentration measuring re-emitted light from light absorption. Chlorophylls are the green pigments found in most plants, algae and cyanobacteria; their presence is essential for photosynthesis to take place. There are several different forms of chlorophyll that occur naturally. All contain a chlorin ring (chemical formula C20H16N4) which gives the green pigment and a side chain whose structure varies. The naturally occurring forms of chlorophyll contain between 35 and 55 carbon atoms.Chlorophyll fluorescence is mainly emitted from the Chlorophyll a pigment.

sea_water_alkalinity_per_unit_mass

under discussion
Proposer: Elodie Fernandez
Proposed Date: Dec. 5, 2016
Comments:
Units: mol kg-1 (MLKG)
New Term
sea_water_alkalinity_per_unit_mass is the total alkalinity (including carbonate, nitrogen, silicate, and borate components).

vertical_speed

under discussion
Proposer: Damien Boulanger
Proposed Date: Sept. 16, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: IAGOS-CARIBIC parameters
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
Rate of change of aircraft altitude. Speed is the magnitude of velocity.

size_resolved_number_concentration_of_dry_aerosol_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Damien Boulanger
Proposed Date: Sept. 16, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: IAGOS-CARIBIC parameters
Units: m-3 (MCUB)
New Term
Size resolved denotes the capability of an instrument to measure aerosol properties in different size ranges. The size range of particles is typically given as a range of particle diameters in nm assuming spherical shape and must be provided in a comment attribute. "Number concentration" means the number of particles or other specified objects per unit volume. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake.

particle_surface_area_concentration_of_dry_aerosol_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Damien Boulanger
Proposed Date: Sept. 16, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: IAGOS-CARIBIC parameters
Units: m-3 (MCUB)
New Term
Surface area per volume derived from the size resolved particle number concentration. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. Aerosol particles take up ambient water (a process known as hygroscopic growth) depending on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. "Dry aerosol particles" means aerosol particles without any water uptake.

size_resolved_number_concentration_of_cloud_liquid_water_particles_in_air

under discussion
Proposer: Damien Boulanger
Proposed Date: Sept. 16, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: IAGOS-CARIBIC parameters
Units: m-3 (MCUB)
New Term
Size resolved denotes the capability of an instrument to measure aerosol properties in different size ranges. The size range of particles is typically given as a range of particle diameters in nm assuming spherical shape and must be provided in a comment attribute. "Number concentration" means the number of particles or other specified objects per unit volume. Cloud droplets are spherical and typically a few micrometers to a few tens of micrometers in diameter. An upper limit of 0.2 mm diameter is sometimes used to distinguish between cloud droplets and drizzle drops, but in active cumulus clouds strong updrafts can maintain much larger cloud droplets.

total_air_temperature

under discussion
Proposer: Damien Boulanger
Proposed Date: Sept. 16, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: IAGOS-CARIBIC parameters
Units: K (UPKA)
New Term
Total air temperature or stagnation temperature is the temperature at a stagnation point in a fluid flow. Measured by a temperature probe mounted on the surface of the aircraft. Air temperature is the bulk temperature of the air, not the surface (skin) temperature.

inland_water_area_fraction

under discussion
Proposer: Heiko Klein
Proposed Date: May 22, 2014
Comments:
"X_area_fraction" means the fraction of horizontal area occupied by X. "X_area" means the horizontal area occupied by X within the grid cell. "inland_water" is water surrounded by land-masses like rivers and lakes, and is all water-surfaces which are not "sea".

cloud_albedo_assuming_completely_cloudy_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
cloud_albedo_assuming_completely_cloudy_sky means a derived (retrieved) cloud albedo in an area assuming the scene is completely cloud covered (the grid cell or satellite footprint). A phrase assuming_condition indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition.

effective_cloud_area_fraction_assuming_fixed_cloud_albedo

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
"X_area_fraction" means the fraction of horizontal area occupied by X. "X_area" means the horizontal area occupied by X within the grid cell or the satellite footprint. Cloud area fraction is also called "cloud amount" and "cloud cover". The cloud area fraction is for the whole atmosphere column, as seen from the surface or the top of the atmosphere. Cloud area fraction assuming fixed cloud albedo is the cloud area fraction by assuming the clouds in the X_area having the same fixed cloud albedo value (Y). The clouds having cloud_area_fraction_assuming_fixed_cloud_albedo and cloud albedo Y yield the same reflectance at TOA as the real clouds in the X_area. A phrase assuming_condition indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition. The assumed albedo shall be attached to the variable either by an attribute 'assumed_cloud_albedo' (if the value is independent of geolocation) or through the ancillary_variables to a variable with standard_name 'cloud_albedo'.

air_pressure_at_cloud_optical_centroid

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: Pa (PASX)
New Term
The cloud optical centriod pressure is a pressure level inside the cloud, near the optical thickness center of the cloud.

ultraviolet_aerosol_index

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
ultraviolet means ultraviolet radiation, with wavelengths shorter than 400 nm. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. The UV-Aerosol Index is a UV color index that represents the deviation of the outgoing TOA radiation in the UV from that of a standard atmosphere, featuring Rayleigh scattering and gas absorption, in particular by ozone. No cloud droplets or suspended liquid or solid particles (aerosols) are present in the standard atmosphere. It is bounded below by a Lambertian surface, featuring isotropic reflection, assumed independent of wavelength. The ultraviolet aerosol index is computed from the Earth reflectances at two UV wavelengths. A positive deviation from the standard atmosphere is often, but not exclusively, attributed to the absorption of radiation by aerosols, while negative values represent increased scattering, not necessarily by aerosols. The wavelengths used for the computation of the ultraviolet aerosol index should be indicated using a coordinate variable with standard name radiation _wavelength and length 2. This support coordinate variable should be given in the ancillary_variables attribute. (Note: not the coordinates attribute, as this is an annotation, not a coordinate).

air_temperature_at_cloud_optical_centroid

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: K (UPKA)
New Term
Air temperature is the bulk temperature of the air, not the surface (skin) temperature. The cloud optical centriod pressure is a pressure level inside the cloud, near the optical thickness center of the cloud. There is also a standard name for air_pressure_at_cloud_optical_centroid.

height_of_cloud_optical_centroid

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
Height is the vertical distance above the surface. The cloud height at optical centroid is a height within the cloud, near the optical thickness center of the cloud. The optical thickness is the integral along the path of radiation of a volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient. The radiative flux is reduced by a factor exp(-"optical_thickness") on traversing the path. A coordinate variable of radiation_wavelength or radiation_frequency can be specified to indicate that the optical thickness applies at specific wavelengths or frequencies. There is also a standard name for air_pressure_at_cloud_optical_centroid.

surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air_due_to_fluorescence

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: mol s-2 m-2 m-1 sr-1
New Term
The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "shortwave" means shortwave radiation. Upwelling radiation is radiation from below. It does not mean "net upward". When thought of as being incident on a surface, a radiative flux is sometimes called "irradiance". In addition, it is identical with the quantity measured by a cosine-collector light-meter and sometimes called "vector irradiance". In accordance with common usage in geophysical disciplines, "flux" implies per unit area, called "flux density" in physics. The specification of a physical process by the phrase due_to_process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. The fluorescence is caused by chlorophyll.

air_pressure_at_center_of_aerosol_layer

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: Pa (PASX)
New Term
The center corresponds to the mean air pressure of the top and bottom of the layer containing aerosol particles. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself.

height_at_center_of_aerosol_layer

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: m (ULAA)
New Term
Height is the vertical distance above the surface. The center corresponds to the height corresponding to the mean air pressure of the top and bottom of the layer containing aerosol particles. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself.

air_pressure_at_cloud_optical_centroid_assuming_completely_cloudy_sky

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: March 10, 2016
Comments:
CF mailing list link: standard name requests
Units: Pa (PASX)
New Term
The cloud optical centriod pressure is a pressure level inside the cloud, near the optical thickness center of the cloud. air_pressure_at_cloud_optical_centroid_assuming_completely_cloudy_sky means a cloud optical centriod pressure assuming the scene is completely cloud covered (the grid cell or satellite footprint). A phrase assuming_condition indicates that the named quantity is the value which would obtain if all aspects of the system were unaltered except for the assumption of the circumstances specified by the condition.

number_of_days_with_lwe_thickness_of_precipitation_amount_at_or_above_threshold

under discussion
Proposer: Dan Hollis
Proposed Date: Sept. 18, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: Days of rain
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
"Amount" means mass per unit area. The construction lwe_thickness_of_X_amount or _content means the vertical extent of a layer of liquid water having the same mass per unit area. "lwe" means liquid water equivalent. A variable whose standard name has the form number_of_days_with_X_at_or_below|above_threshold is a count of the number of days on which the condition X_at_or_below|above_threshold is satisfied. It must have a coordinate variable or scalar coordinate variable with the standard name of X to supply the threshold(s). It must have a climatological time variable, and a cell_methods entry for within days which describes the processing of quantity X before the threshold is applied. A number_of_days is an extensive quantity in time, and the cell_methods entry for over days should be "sum".

volume_fraction_of_sediment_fraction_in_sediment_layer

under discussion
Proposer: Bert Jagers
Proposed Date: Nov. 1, 2015
Comments:
Volume fraction" is used in the construction volume_fraction_of_X_in_Y, where X is a material constituent of Y. Typically a NTIME x NCELLS x NLAYERS x NFRAC array containing the volume fraction per sediment fraction per layer per time step stored (unit 1). The dimension representing the number of sediment fractions NFRAC may include multiple model dependent gravel, sand, silt, clay fractions, so we need to generalize beyond the scope of the currently existing standard names of volume_fraction_of_clay/sand/silt_in_soil.

mass_content_of_sediment_fraction_in_sediment_layer

under discussion
Proposer: Bert Jagers
Proposed Date: Nov. 1, 2015
Comments:
Units: kg m-2 (KMP2)
New Term
Typically a NTIME x NCELLS x NLAYERS x NFRAC array containing the mass per unit area per sediment fraction per layer per time step stored.

thickness_of_sediment_layers

under discussion
Proposer: Bert Jagers
Proposed Date: Nov. 1, 2015
Comments:
This would typically be a NTIME x NCELLS x NLAYERS array (where NCELLS could be 1-dimensional for an unstructured grid or 2-dimensional, i.e. IMAX x JMAX, for a structured grid model) representing the the thickness of the NLAYERS sediment layers. By the way please note that the administration of layers is in general carried independently per computational cell, so layer k of cell j1 does not need to be connected to layer k of neighboring cell j2.

northward_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. northward_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dx) of the seawater velocity component u, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (y,z,t) constant.

eastward_sea_water_acceleration

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: m s-2 (MPS2)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water acceleration is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. eastward_sea_water_acceleration means acceleration in eastward direction, thus (d/dt) of the seawater velocity component v, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,y,z) constant.

depth_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. depth_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dz) of the seawater velocity component u, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,y,t) constant.

northward_derivative_of_eastward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. northward_derivative_of_eastward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dx) of the seawater velocity component v, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (y,z,t) constant.

eastward_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. eastward_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dy) of the seawater velocity component u, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,z,t) constant.

eastward_derivative_of_eastward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. eastward_derivative_of_eastward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dy) of the seawater velocity component v, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,z,t) constant.

depth_derivative_of_eastward_sea_water_velocity

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: s-1 (PRSC)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water velocity is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. depth_derivative_of_northward_sea_water_velocity means (d/dz) of the seawater velocity component v, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,y,t) constant.

northward_sea_water_acceleration

new
Proposer: Alexander Hartel/Mike Eichhorn
Proposed Date: Jan. 21, 2016
Comments:
Units: m s-2 (MPS2)
New Term
"Eastward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed eastward (negative westward). "Northward" indicates a vector component which is positive when directed northward (negative southward). Sea water acceleration is defined as a two-dimensional vector, with no vertical component. "component_derivative_of_X" means derivative of X with respect to distance in the component direction, which may be northward, southward, eastward, westward, x or y. The last two indicate derivatives along the axes of the grid, in the case where they are not true longitude and latitude. northward_sea_water_acceleration means acceleration in northward direction, thus (d/dt) of the seawater velocity component u, as derived by ocean data models, keeping all other coordinates (x,y,z) constant.

divergence_of_surface_downward_stress

under discussion
Proposer: Bruce Hackett
Proposed Date: Jan. 19, 2016
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
The divergence is a signed scalar that represents the magnitude of the 2D surface wind downward stress vector field's source (positive) or sink (negative) at a given point. "[horizontal_]divergence_of_X" means [horizontal] divergence of a vector X; if X does not have a vertical component then "horizontal" should be omitted. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a downward flux of momentum, which accelerates the lower medium along the vector and the upper medium against the vector. The surface downward stress is the wind stress on the surface.

curl_of_surface_downward_stress

under discussion
Proposer: Bruce Hackett
Proposed Date: Jan. 19, 2016
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
New Term
The curl is a signed scalar that represents the magnitude of the 2D surface wind downward stress vector field's local anti-clock-wise rotation at a given point; clockwise rotation is thus given as negative curl. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. "Downward" indicates a downward flux of momentum, which accelerates the lower medium along the vector and the upper medium against the vector. The surface downward stress is the wind stress on the surface.

volume_scattering_coefficient_at_stp_in_air_due_to_dried_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Markus Fiebig
Proposed Date: Nov. 26, 2014
Comments: 22
Units: m-1 (vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UPRM)
New Term
The volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is the fractional change of radiative flux per unit path length due to the stated process. Coefficients with canonical units of m2 s-1, i.e. multiplied by density, have standard names with "specific_" instead of "volume_". The scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is assumed to be an integral over all wavelengths unless a coordinate of "radiation_wavelength" or "radiation_frequency" is included to specify the wavelength. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Dried_aerosol" means that the aerosol sample has been dried from the ambient state, but that the dry state (relative humidity less than 40 per cent) has not necessarily been reached. To specify the relative humidity at which the sample was measured, provide a scalar coordinate variable with the standard name of "relative_humidity". The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "stp" means standard temperature (0 degC) and pressure (101325 Pa).

volume_scattering_coefficient_at_stp_in_air_due_to_ambient_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Markus Fiebig
Proposed Date: Nov. 26, 2014
Comments: 21
Units: m-1 (vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UPRM)
New Term
The volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is the fractional change of radiative flux per unit path length due to the stated process. Coefficients with canonical units of m2 s-1, i.e. multiplied by density, have standard names with "specific_" instead of "volume_". The scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is assumed to be an integral over all wavelengths unless a coordinate of "radiation_wavelength" or "radiation_frequency" is included to specify the wavelength. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. "Ambient aerosol particles" are aerosol particles that have taken up ambient water through hygroscopic growth. The extent of hygroscopic growth depends on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. To specify the relative humidity at which the quantity described by the standard name applies, provide a scalar coordinate variable with the standard name of relative_humidity. The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "stp" means standard temperature (0 degC) and pressure (101325 Pa).

volume_absorption_coefficient_at_stp_in_air_due_to_dried_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Markus Fiebig
Proposed Date: Nov. 26, 2014
Comments: 23
Units: m-1 (vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UPRM)
New Term
The volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is the fractional change of radiative flux per unit path length due to the stated process. Coefficients with canonical units of m2 s-1, i.e. multiplied by density, have standard names with "specific_" instead of "volume_". The scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is assumed to be an integral over all wavelengths unless a coordinate of "radiation_wavelength" or "radiation_frequency" is included to specify the wavelength. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Dried_aerosol" means that the aerosol sample has been dried from the ambient state, but that the dry state (relative humidity less than 40 per cent) has not necessarily been reached. To specify the relative humidity at which the sample was measured, provide a scalar coordinate variable with the standard name of "relative_humidity". The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "stp" means standard temperature (0 degC) and pressure (101325 Pa).

volume_backwards_scattering_coefficient_at_stp_in_air_due_to_dried_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Markus Fiebig
Proposed Date: Nov. 26, 2014
Comments: 24
Units: m-1 (vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UPRM)
New Term
The volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is the fractional change of radiative flux per unit path length due to the stated process. Coefficients with canonical units of m2 s-1, i.e. multiplied by density, have standard names with "specific_" instead of "volume_". Backwards scattering refers to the sum of scattering into all backward angles i.e. scattering_angle exceeds pi/2 radians. A scattering_angle should not be specified with this quantity. The scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient is assumed to be an integral over all wavelengths unless a coordinate of "radiation_wavelength" or "radiation_frequency" is included to specify the wavelength. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Dried_aerosol" means that the aerosol sample has been dried from the ambient state, but that the dry state (relative humidity less than 40 per cent) has not necessarily been reached. To specify the relative humidity at which the sample was measured, provide a scalar coordinate variable with the standard name of "relative_humidity". The specification of a physical process by the phrase "due_to_" process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase. "stp" means standard temperature (0 degC) and pressure (101325 Pa).

optical_particle_diameter

under discussion
Proposer: Markus Fiebig
Proposed Date: Nov. 26, 2014
Comments: 16a
Units: m (http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/ULAA)
New Term
The diameter of spherical particles whose presence in a medium would result in the same refractive index and lead to the same intensity of scattered light as the particles in question.

toa_incoming_photon_solar_irradiance_per_unit_wavelength

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: Nov. 12, 2014
Comments:
Units: mol m-2 m-1 s-1
New Term
"toa" means top of atmosphere. "Photon solar irradiance" is the photon flux on a surface perpendicular to the incoming solar radiation. The direction is specified as "incoming". A photon flux is specified in terms of numbers of photons expressed in moles. The "per unit wavelength" indicates a spectrally resolved quantity. A coordinate variable for radiation wavelength should be given the standard name radiation_wavelength.

toa_outgoing_photon_radiance_per_unit_wavelength

under discussion
Proposer: Maarten Sneep
Proposed Date: Nov. 12, 2014
Comments:
Units: mol m-2 m-1 s-1 sr-1
New Term
"toa" means top of atmosphere. "Photon radiance" is the photon flux in a particular direction, per unit of solid angle. The direction is specified as "outgoing", i.e. radiation from below. A photon flux is specified in terms of numbers of photons expressed in moles. The "per unit wavelength" indicates a spectrally resolved quantity. A coordinate variable for radiation wavelength should be given the standard name radiation_wavelength.

atmosphere_optical_thickness_due_to_black_carbon_ambient_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: Nov. 11, 2014
Comments:
Units: 1 (vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UUUU)
Term change from Term: atmosphere_optical_thickness_due_to_black_carbon_ambient_aerosol
The optical thickness is the integral along the path of radiation of a volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient. The radiative flux is reduced by a factor exp(-optical_thickness) on traversing the path. The atmosphere optical thickness applies to radiation passing through the entire atmosphere. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. "Ambient aerosol particles" are aerosol particles that have taken up ambient water through hygroscopic growth. The extent of hygroscopic growth depends on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. To specify the relative humidity and temperature at which the quantity described by the standard name applies, provide scalar coordinate variables with standard names of "relative_humidity" and "air_temperature". Black carbon aerosol is composed of elemental carbon. It is strongly light absorbing. The specification of a physical process by the phrase due_to_process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase.

atmosphere_absorption_optical_thickness_due_to_black_carbon_ambient_aerosol_particles

under discussion
Proposer: Alison Pamment
Proposed Date: Nov. 11, 2014
Comments:
Units: 1 (UUUU)
Term change from Term: atmosphere_absorption_optical_thickness_due_to_black_carbon_ambient_aerosol
The optical thickness is the integral along the path of radiation of a volume scattering/absorption/attenuation coefficient. The radiative flux is reduced by a factor exp(-optical_thickness) on traversing the path. A coordinate variable of radiation_wavelength or radiation_frequency can be specified to indicate that the optical thickness applies at specific wavelengths or frequencies. "Absorption optical thickness" means that part of the atmosphere optical thickness that is caused by the absorption of incident radiation. "Aerosol" means the system of suspended liquid or solid particles in air (except cloud droplets) and their carrier gas, the air itself. "Ambient_aerosol" means that the aerosol is measured or modelled at the ambient state of pressure, temperature and relative humidity that exists in its immediate environment. "Ambient aerosol particles" are aerosol particles that have taken up ambient water through hygroscopic growth. The extent of hygroscopic growth depends on the relative humidity and the composition of the particles. To specify the relative humidity and temperature at which the quantity described by the standard name applies, provide scalar coordinate variables with standard names of "relative_humidity" and "air_temperature". The specification of a physical process by the phrase due_to_process means that the quantity named is a single term in a sum of terms which together compose the general quantity named by omitting the phrase.

data_cutoff_time

under discussion
Proposer: Mark Hedley
Proposed Date: Oct. 30, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: GRIB2 data cutoff
Units: s (http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UTBB)
New Term
A datetime which defines the instant after which observational data for a forecast run is no longer included in that forecast, which may be different from the forecast_reference_time.

number_of_realizations

under discussion
Proposer: Mark Hedley
Proposed Date: Oct. 3, 2014
Comments:
CF mailing list link: realization | x of n
Units: 1 (http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UUUU)
New Term
In a model or operational forecast, the number of member realizations within a given ensemble. This provides context for any specific realization, for example orienting a member relative to its original group (even if the group is no longer intact).

surface_normalized_radar_backscatter_coefficient

under discussion
Proposer: Olivier Lauret & John Niedfeldt
Proposed Date: May 30, 2014
Comments:
Units: 1 (http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P061/current/UUUU)
New Term
The quantity called surface_normalized_radar_backscatter_coefficient is also commonly called the "normalized radar cross section" or "sigma naught" in the microwave remote sensing community. It is the fraction of incident power that is reflected by the surface. The surface called "surface" means the lower boundary of the atmosphere. The surface_normalized_radar_backscatter_coefficient is measured at a single wavelength and at a single angle of incidence, which should be specified using scalar coordinate variables with standard names, respectively, of radiation_wavelength and angle_of_incidence. Scattering of radiation is its deflection from its incident path. Backwards scattering refers to the sum of scattering into all backward angles i.e. scattering_angle exceeding pi/2 radians. A scattering_angle should not be specified with this quantity. The surface_normalized_radar_backscatter_coefficient differs from the quantity surface_backwards_scattering_coefficient_of_radar_wave in that the latter does not require a radiation_wavelength and angle_of_ incidence to be specified.