Created: March 20, 2016

Proposer: Jonathan Gregory / Stephen Griffies

Proposed Date: 2015-01-30

CMIP6 - OMIP

Change Date: March 20, 2016, 7:13 p.m.

Term: **integral_wrt_depth_of_product_of_sea_water_density_and_salinity**

Unit: 1e-3 kg m-2

Unit ref: KMP2

AMIP:

GRIB:

Product of grid cell thickness with density and salinity, summed over the depth of the ocean column. For Boussinesq models, density is constant Boussinesq reference density (reference_sea_water_density_for_boussinesq_approximation).

Change Date: May 17, 2017, 1:58 p.m.

Term: **integral_of_product_of_sea_water_density_and_salinity_wrt_depth**

Unit: 1e-3 kg m-2

Unit ref: KMP2

AMIP:

GRIB:

Change Date: May 17, 2017, 2:01 p.m.

Term: **integral_of_product_of_sea_water_density_and_salinity_wrt_depth**

Unit: 1e-3 kg m-2

Unit ref: KMP2

AMIP:

GRIB:

The phrase "integral_of_Y_wrt_X" means int Y dX. The data variable should have an axis for X specifying the limits of the integral as bounds. The phrase "product_of_X_and_Y" means X*Y. The phrase "wrt" means "with respect to". Depth is the vertical distance below the surface. Sea water density is the in-situ density (not the potential density). [For Boussinesq models, density is constant Boussinesq reference density (reference_sea_water_density_for_boussinesq_approximation).] Sea water salinity is the salt content of sea water, often on the Practical Salinity Scale of 1978. However, the unqualified term 'salinity' is generic and does not necessarily imply any particular method of calculation. The units of salinity are dimensionless and the units attribute should normally be given as 1e-3 or 0.001 i.e. parts per thousand.

Change Date: Sept. 28, 2017, 12:07 p.m.

Term: **integral_wrt_depth_of_product_of_sea_water_density_and_salinity**

Unit: 1e-3 kg m-2

Unit ref: KMP2

AMIP:

GRIB:

Change Date: Sept. 28, 2017, 12:10 p.m.

Term: **integral_wrt_depth_of_product_of_sea_water_density_and_salinity**

Unit: 1e-3 kg m-2

Unit ref: KMP2

AMIP:

GRIB:

The phrase "integral_wrt_X_of_Y" means int Y dX. The data variable should have an axis for X specifying the limits of the integral as bounds. The phrase "wrt" means "with respect to". The phrase "product_of_X_and_Y" means X*Y. Depth is the vertical distance below the surface. Sea water density is the in-situ density (not the potential density). For Boussinesq models, density is the constant Boussinesq reference density, a quantity which has the standard name reference_sea_water_density_for_boussinesq_approximation. Sea water salinity is the salt content of sea water, often on the Practical Salinity Scale of 1978. However, the unqualified term 'salinity' is generic and does not necessarily imply any particular method of calculation. The units of salinity are dimensionless and the units attribute should normally be given as 1e-3 or 0.001 i.e. parts per thousand. There are standard names for the more precisely defined salinity quantities sea_water_knudsen_salinity, S_K (used for salinity observations between 1901 and 1966), sea_water_cox_salinity, S_C (used for salinity observations between 1967 and 1977), sea_water_practical_salinity, S_P (used for salinity observations from 1978 to the present day), sea_water_absolute_salinity, S_A, sea_water_preformed_salinity, S_*, and sea_water_reference_salinity. Practical Salinity is reported on the Practical Salinity Scale of 1978 (PSS-78), and is usually based on the electrical conductivity of sea water in observations since the 1960s. Conversion of data between the observed scales follows S_P = (S_K - 0.03) * (1.80655 / 1.805) and S_P = S_C, however the accuracy of the latter is dependent on whether chlorinity or conductivity was used to determine the S_C value, with this inconsistency driving the development of PSS-78. The more precise standard names should be used where appropriate for both modelled and observed salinities. In particular, the use of sea_water_salinity to describe salinity observations made from 1978 onwards is now deprecated in favor of the term sea_water_practical_salinity which is the salinity quantity stored by national data centers for post-1978 observations. The only exception to this is where the observed salinities are definitely known not to be recorded on the Practical Salinity Scale. Practical salinity units are dimensionless. The unit "parts per thousand" was used for sea_water_knudsen_salinity and sea_water_cox_salinity.